Lathe / 车床

Lathe / 车床

  1. headstock assembly / 主轴箱总成
  2. spindle speed selector / 主轴转速调整(包括高低速旋钮和变速手柄)
  3. spindle (with chuck) / 主轴(带卡盘)
  4. tool post / 刀架
  5. compound rest / 小溜板
  6. cross slide / 中溜板
  7. carriage / 床鞍
  8. ways / 导轨
  9. dead center / 顶尖
  10. tailstock quill / 顶尖套筒
  11. tailstock assembly / 尾座总成
  12. handwheel / 手轮
  13. bed / 床身
  14. feed selector / 螺距、进给量调整手柄
  15. clutch / 正反车手柄
  16. chip pan / 承屑盘
  17. apron / 溜板箱
  18. split – nut control / 开合螺母手柄
  19. longitudinal & transverse feed control / 纵横进给手柄
  20. clutch /
  21. feed rod / 光杠
  22. lead screw / 丝杠

A metal lathe or metalworking lathe is a large class of lathes designed for precisely machining relatively hard materials. They were originally designed to machine metals; however, with the advent of plastics and other materials, and with their inherent versatility, they are used in a wide range of applications, and a broad range of materials. In machining jargon, where the larger context is already understood, they are usually simply called lathes, or else referred to by more-specific subtype names (toolroom lathe, turret lathe, etc.). These rigid machine tools remove material from a rotating workpiece via the (typically linear) movements of various cutting tools, such as tool bits and drill bits.